Wednesday, May 20, 2020

The Third Punic War and Carthago Delenda Est

By the end of the Second Punic War (the war where Hannibal and his elephants crossed the Alps), Roma (Rome) so hated Carthage that she wanted to destroy the north African urban center. The story is told that when the Romans finally got to take revenge, after they won the Third Punic War, they salted the fields so the Carthaginians could no longer live there. This is an example of urbicide.   Carthago Delenda Est! By 201 B.C., the end of the Second Punic War, Carthage no longer had its empire, but it was still a shrewd trading nation. By the middle of the second century, Carthage was thriving and it was hurting the trade of those Romans who had investments in North Africa. Marcus Cato, a respected Roman senator, began to clamor Carthago delenda est! Carthage must be destroyed! Carthage Breaks the Peace Treaty Meanwhile, African tribes neighboring Carthage knew that according to the peace treaty between Carthage and Rome that had concluded the Second Punic War, if Carthage overstepped the line drawn in the sand, Rome would interpret the move as an act of aggression. This offered daring African neighbors some impunity. These neighbors took advantage of this reason to feel secure and made hasty raids into the Carthaginian territory, knowing their victims couldnt pursue them. Eventually, Carthage became fed up. In 149 B.C., Carthage got back into armor and went after the Numidians. Rome declared war on the grounds that Carthage had broken the treaty. Although Carthage didnt stand a chance, the war was drawn out for three years. Eventually, a descendant of Scipio Africanus, Scipio Aemilianus, defeated the starved citizens of the besieged city of Carthage. After killing or selling all the inhabitants into slavery, the Romans razed (possibly salting the land) and burned the city. No one was allowed to live there. Carthage had been destroyed: Catos chant had been carried out. Primary Sources on the Third Punic War Polybius 2.1, 13, 36; 3.6-15, 17, 20-35, 39-56; 4.37. Livy 21. 1-21.Dio Cassius 12.48, 13.Diodorus Siculus 24.1-16.

Monday, May 18, 2020

12 Tips for Self-Education in Writing

Autodidactism is the art of self-education, which is teaching yourself about a new subject. For self-education in any topic, there are three forms of learning: niche knowledge, skill development, and liberal understanding. Many eager seekers of knowledge focus only on one or two of the forms, but applying all three will allow you to excel at writing. Niche knowledge refers to learning the fundamental knowledge necessary to successfully write. These are grammar, spelling, and vocabulary. Skill development, or ability, focuses on applying the fundamental knowledge to practice your craft. For writing, this means effectively creating the work product you’re looking for. Examples include fiction, non-fiction, and poetry. Finally, liberal understanding is a broader concept. While the self-educator is working hard to learn the fundamentals and practice his/her skill development, it’s beneficial to take a step back and learn by absorbing the history, theory, and great works of literature. Below are 12 steps for learning how to write. Tip # 1 (Niche Learning) – Spelling and Grammar Just like you can’t drive without learning which pedal is the gas and which is the brake, good writing is impossible without impeccable spelling and grammar. Search online for â€Å"spelling exercises† and there will be many interactive tools that relentlessly drive home correct spelling. Purchase a good dictionary for reference, such as one from Webster or Oxford Dictionaries. Many online courses are also available that teach basic grammar. Choose one from alison.com, www.englishgrammar101.com, or similar. To supplement grammar knowledge, purchase a good reference book that you can consult once you’ve learned the basics. One option is the 16th edition of the Chicago Style of Manual. It has about 300 pages devoted to grammar and standard usage. Note that it’s fine to rely on word processing spellcheckers and grammar checkers, but these should be reminders, not form the basis for proper spelling and grammar. Tip # 2 (Niche Learning) – Vocabulary While spelling and grammar are fundamental, good writing in English takes advantage of the rich array of words in the English language. Consult an online thesaurus or purchase one in book form. Tip # 3 (Niche Learning) – Practice Once the basics have been learned, practice until you can write sentences and paragraphs with proper spelling, grammar and vocabulary. Tip # 4 (Skills Development) – Short Stories For those interested in fiction writing, short stories are a great way to hone your craft before embarking on a novel. Mastering plots, scenes, dialogue and character development takes time and practice. Writer’s Digest Books has a series of books dedicated to each of these components. Tip #5 (Skills Development) – Poetry Not all aspiring writers plan to create poetry, but practicing it forces you to be economical with words and helps expand your vocabulary. Tip # 6 (Skills Development) – Screenplays Screenplays help development scenes and dialogue. Successful dialogue in a screenplay will help make the dialogue in your fiction credible and compelling. Tip # 7 (Skills Development) – Test Yourself Once you’ve had some practice writing short stories, poetry, or screenplays, enter writing contests. Hundreds of magazines have annual writing contests. Usually the winning prize is publication in the magazine. If editors like your work, chances are it’s pretty good. Tips 8 through 10 (Liberal Understanding) – Further Lectures The self-taught writer’s work will improve by gaining a deeper understanding of the theory and history of writing. Here are several free online lectures from Yale University that will help with this. Tip 8 – The history and theory of literature. Tip 9 – Modern American fiction. Tip 10 – Poetry from the classics to modern. Tips 11 and 12 (Liberal Understanding) – Learning Through Reading The self-taught writer’s work will improve by exposure to works by the great writers. Tip 11 – Choose five books from the Harvard Shelf of Classics and read them. Tip 12 – Choose a successful writer in your genre of interest and read them.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Hotel Employees’ Attitude and Participation in...

Thailand tourism plays an important role in its economic development and the hotel business is part of it. Tourism industry and hotel businesses are influence and supporting each other. The activities of hotel businesses are issues that had a much impact on the environment. The global warming phenomenon has been dramatically increasing. Environmental crisis has become one of the world’s most serious problems to be concerned about caused by increasing world population. People had doubled the consumption of natural resource (Webster, 2005). Activities from tourism have affected directly and indirectly the ecosystems. For instance, coral reefs is damaged by tourists such as trampling, buying, or collecting reefs species which has a direct†¦show more content†¦Employees are important to organizations, and can be improved or underdeveloped organizational performance (Huselid, 1995; Hoque, 2000). Therefore, in environmental management, it needs supporters’ participatory approach to shared environmental responsibility among the hotel employees in order to achieve the same goal and solve problems in environmental management. Moreover, employees are considered key to the survival of competitive organizations, especially in light of the new economic environment of globalization and employment where employees qualities, attitudes, and behavior in the workplace could affect the performance of organizations. Therefore, Human Resource Management (HRM) has become a critical issue for the hotel industry (Nolan, 2002). In addition, Wattana (2009) she is an Asst. Director of Human Resources of Novotel Bangkok Hotel in Siam Square states that a good employees’ attitude is important for hotels. Attitude and personality in working that is a first one organization will consider because a positive thinking can make employees intend to take the job learning. That is more important than anything else. The environmental management and responsibilities by hotels in developing countries is still relatively rare. The actions can improve the knowledge and understanding by providing information on the responsiveness of hotels towards

Department Infrastructure South Australia -Myassignmenthelp.Com

Question: Discuss About The Department Infrastructure South Australia? Answer: Introduction Australia is one of the developed nation in terms of economy and technology. The country has established itself as one of the forerunners in development in the transportation field as well. The country is aiming at moving from the present idea of transportation as just vehicles and infrastructure to transport people from one place to another, the country is aiming at a revolutionary change in the field to make it a seamless experience for the commuters to travel (Thompson and Maginn 2012). The country has a draft of Future Transport Strategy which is prepared to revolutionize the transportation system of Australia (Future.transport.nsw.gov.au 2018). The Draft Future Transport 2056 strategy is a plan that is under way which has divided the country into various zones and is comprehending how transportation can be utilized to boost the growth and economy of the nation in all aspects. The plan is kept at customer centric and technology driven. Primarily it has been launched plan that als o focuses to build three advanced cities across Sydney, the traditional Harbour City in the east, the Central River City at Parramatta and a Western Parkland City (Transport.nsw.gov.au 2018). Key Strategic Certainties Strategic certainties denote the plans and strategies that are pre-determined and planned in order to be executed in the near future successfully. vehicle innovation is moving toward progressively complex mechanization from self-sufficient crisis braking and propelled speed control to completely mechanized activity (Weber et al. 2014). The potential advantages of such highlights incorporate enhanced wellbeing, effectiveness, ecological and social results, and accommodation of the travellers. In Australia, completely driverless vehicles could be available in the following couple of years, in spite of the fact that it might be decades before a huge extent of the commuter transportation are completely mechanized (Hillier, Wright and Damen 2017). This new innovation could enhance versatility for individuals with handicap, the youthful and elderly, free up parking spot for urban redevelopment, diminish framework development expenses and improve utilization of existing foundation. Apart f rom the innovation factor in technology the country is also looking forward to reducing the effects of pollution caused due to transportation. In the present scenario Australia has the eighth highest emission rate of greenhouse gas and the rate is predicted to be increasing at the rate of 25 percent by 2029 to 2030 (Infrastructure.gov.au 2018). To help the three city design, the NSW Government's new transport procedure expects to enhance open transport so that by 2056, 70 percent of individuals will live inside 30 minutes of work, study and leisure activities. Future Transport 2056 will likewise target enhancing security, proficiency, unwavering quality and joining of administrations. Future Transport is a thorough methodology to guarantee the way we travel is more individual, incorporated, open, protected, solid and supportable. There are three sections to the system; programs that are focused on or financed by the NSW Government throughout the following ten years; extends that are under scrutiny and visionary tasks in the 20 year in addition to time period that are being recognized now for future thought as our populace develops. Key strategic Uncertainties Australia has been historically facing some challenges. To understand the uncertainties of the future some of the past and present challenges may be understood. In 2005 Sydney inhabitants made 15.7 million treks every weekday. The automobiles represented 69.4% of all road trips, either as driver or as traveller. Sydney's rail and ship systems are openly possessed, while transport administrations are worked by the freely claimed State Transit Authority and private suppliers. The NSW State Plan conferred government offices to expand the extent of aggregate adventures to work by open transport in the Sydney metropolitan area to 25% by 2016 (22% in 2005) (Parliament.nsw.gov.au 2018). The Government declared in April 2008 that it would construct the city's first metro rail framework overhauling the north west of Sydney. An agreement for an e-ticketing framework for Sydney's open transport was scratched off in 2007. Clog on some of Sydney's major arterial roads postures issues to transport administrators, drivers and cargo vehicles. New innovation is being acquainted with give transports need at squeeze focuses and enhance data for travellers. With the city's populace anticipated that would keep on growing, the State Government has built up various arrangements and plans which give the setting to transport strategy in Sydney. The plans that has been taken up to be realised in the next 20 or 30 years includes major technological revolutionary transformations like replacing most of the vehicles with driverless ones. How much of this is possible is still a major question and remains a doubt among the people. Most importantly when the concept of driverless vehicles is itself under a debate from various sections of the society (Schoettle and Sivak 2014). The cognitive ability and decision making cannot be in nay ways replaced by machine intelligence is what a large section says. The planning of 70% of the population living within 30 minutes distance of work, study, or entertainment is not really possible in every case, because the mode of transportation will determine the time and the issue is case sensitive. Key Drivers A modern look at how Australia's motoring future may unfurl is given in an arrangement of four situations created by the National Transport Commission which is at a similar time when the Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) World Congress that took place in Melbourne in 2016. Peering into the future as a long way ahead as 2040, the new papers investigate four changes that are relied upon to have some effect in transit Australian transport may advance as new advances keep on being produced (Motoring.com.au 2016). The four drivers of change are Automation, Shared Mobility, Data Availability and Consumer demand for innovative services. The worlds automotive industry is already engaged in developing autonomous cars that will be able to navigate the countrys highways and by-ways with little or no human intervention (Faezipour et al. 2012). The NTC is as of now examining 'administrative hindrances' that would hinder the boundless reception of self-driving innovation in Australia, past the driver-help frameworks effectively accessible. These incorporate autonomous emergency braking, brake assist, stability control, lane keep assist and adaptive cruise control (Motoring.com.au 2016). Shared commuting is as of now discovering its presence in Australia, with the NTC naming organizations offering such a service as "GoGet, Flexicar, Hertz all day, every day, Green Car Share and PopCar". The NTC report doesn't particularly say this, however one obstacle confronting such organizations is the social hesitance in Australia to be without a personal automobile and depend altogether on ride-sharing, customary open transport and the more up to date idea of auto sharing. Information accessibility is the free dispersal of information between vehicles, infrastructures (signal lights, computerized street signs, and so forth) and cell phones (Puthran. Puthur and Dharulkar 2015). This guarantees to arrange movement stream for ideal proficiency and security, however could give issues to information exchange if the system can't adapt to the measure of data being transmitted and processed. Working Theory Developing markets and perceiving open doors for exchange and venture will stay urgent for keeping up enhancing the expectations for everyday comforts. This will likewise be indispensable to pleasing movements in interior relocation and statistic changes as they affect transport and framework needs around the nation. In the interim, as troublesome advances converge into shared economies, for example, cell phone encouraged ride-sharingthey will keep on challenging existing income models and test the responsiveness of strategy producers and controllers. The working model if everything goes according to the plans will give rise to a situation where people will by and large depend on the automatic vehicles, there will be more shared rides than personal cars, the cars will be exchanging data with the traffic signals and the cell phones will be connected to the overall transport and traffic situation of the region. The important places will be 30 minutes away from home and there will be transportation available most of the time in all the locations over the entire country. Developing methods of inventive administration conveyance utilizing correspondences advances and different systems can possibly give services to those already unfit to get to them through conventional means. Some current changes in administrations conveyance that are probably going to profit provincial Australia incorporate adaptable territorial models of wellbeing administrations and enhanced separation instruction capacities. Quick mechanical advancement including digitisation and computerization is additionally prone to posture critical difficulties and open doors for local Australia. Individuals in incompetent or low-income occupations are likely to encounter the best weight and new capacities will be required for the employments without bounds (Velaga et al. 2012). Conclusion Future Transport Strategy of Australia has ambitious and detailed plans to improve the commuting experience of the Australians at all levels. The plan includes the overall transport administration and aims to revolutionize the way people travel from one point to the other. Driverless vehicles, to shared mobility, and synchronized transport system to sustainable conveyance practices the plan includes every aspect possible in the field. There are some limitations and challenges that might be faced by the authorities to execute the plan which includes the hesitation of the people to embrace new technology and the debates over the ethical usage of driverless vehicles. However, the strategy aims to remove all such challenges by technological innovation and revolutionize the transport system of Australia. References: Dpti.sa.gov.au (2018).Future Mobility Lab Fund - DPTI - Department of Planning, Transport and Infrastructure South Australia. [online] Dpti.sa.gov.au. Available at: https://www.dpti.sa.gov.au/transportinnovation [Accessed 23 Feb. 2018]. Faezipour, M., Nourani, M., Saeed, A. and Addepalli, S., 2012. Progress and challenges in intelligent vehicle area networks.Communications of the ACM,55(2), pp.90-100. Future.transport.nsw.gov.au., 2018.Draft Future Transport Strategy 2056 - Future Transport. [online] Future Transport. Available at: https://future.transport.nsw.gov.au/react-feedback/future-transport-strategy-2056/ [Accessed 21 Feb. 2018]. Hillier, P., Wright, B. and Damen, P., 2017. Readiness for self-driving vehicles in Australia. Infrastructure.gov.au., 2018.Transport and Australias Development to 2040 and Beyond. [online] Infrastructure.gov.au. Available at: https://infrastructure.gov.au/infrastructure/publications/files/Trends_to_2040.pdf [Accessed 21 Feb. 2018]. Motoring.com.au., 2016.Four pillars of future transport in Australia - motoring.com.au. [online] motoring.com.au. Available at: https://www.motoring.com.au/four-pillars-of-future-transport-in-australia-104285/ [Accessed 21 Feb. 2018]. Parliament.nsw.gov.au., 2018.Transport Problems Facing Large Cities. [online] Parliament.nsw.gov.au. Available at: https://www.parliament.nsw.gov.au/researchpapers/Pages/transport-problems-facing-large-cities.aspx [Accessed 21 Feb. 2018]. Puthran, M., Puthur, S. and Dharulkar, R., 2015. Smart Traffic Signal.Int. Journal of Comp Sc and Info Tech,6(2), pp.1360-1363. Schoettle, B. and Sivak, M., 2014. A survey of public opinion about autonomous and self-driving vehicles in the US, the UK, and Australia. Thompson, S. and Maginn, P., 2012.Planning Australia: An overview of urban and regional planning. Cambridge University Press. Transport.nsw.gov.au., 2018.A new 40 year vision for Greater Sydney transport | Transport for NSW. [online] Transport.nsw.gov.au. Available at: https://www.transport.nsw.gov.au/newsroom-and-events/media-releases/a-new-40-year-vision-for-greater-sydney-transport [Accessed 21 Feb. 2018]. Velaga, N.R., Nelson, J.D., Wright, S.D. and Farrington, J.H., 2012. The potential role of flexible transport services in enhancing rural public transport provision.Journal of Public Transportation,15(1), p.7. Weber, K.M., Heller-Schuh, B., Godoe, H. and Roeste, R., 2014. ICT-enabled system innovations in public services: Experiences from intelligent transport systems.Telecommunications Policy,38(5-6), pp.539-557.

Hierarchy and Power are Intrinsic to the Current Health Care System

Question: Discuss about theHierarchy and Power are Intrinsic to the Current Health Care System. Answer: The current Australian health care system was established in 1984. The system enables the citizens are not charged to get treatment in all the public hospitals in the country and at the same time the citizens get subsidies to access other health care services (Hall, 2015). The health care system usually gets funding from the government whereby the general public pays for it through taxation. The system has borne fruits of the country since its life expectancy is positioned third globally. However, the country still has some health problems similar to other developed countries and the problems include management of the chronic diseases, obesity, majority of the population has aged, and mental illness (Apparri and Johnson, 2010). Funding the health care system has not been a simple responsibility to the Australian government because the country has a federal system of governance. The health care has been devolved to be under the different state government while on the other hand, the r ole of collecting revenue belongs to the national government (Commonwealthfund.org, 2017). As a result, the state government depends on the national government funding to run an effective health care system (Keleher, 2001). This makes the essence of this paper as it focuses on the importance of hierarchy and power in the Australian health care system. Hierarchy is important in the Australian health care system is important because it helps in giving responsibilities for each level of the government to the proper management of the system. Even though the health care system in Australia has been devolved, the leadership of the country ensured that all the levels of governance had a role to play (Smith et al, 2012). As a result, the commonwealth government, also known as the national government was given the role of ensuring that it made provision for the funds required to run an effective system. The national government, specifically makes provision for dental care, elderly health care, and basic health care (Kolehmainen-Aitken, 2004). Additionally, the national government caters for all the health care needs of people living in Torress Straight island and Aboriginal people. Furthermore, the national government has been given another hierarchical responsibility of ensuring that the health care providers have been financed. This includes offering them favorable working conditions through the provision of all their needs (Mossiolos et al, 2002). In other words, the commonwealth government must ensure that the health care providers have all the equipments that they require in order to deliver their services, which include of the drugs, syringes, gloves, and all other basic equipments (Almalki, FitzGerald, and Clark, 2011). Additionally, the national government has the responsibility of ensuring that the patients are comfortable when they access the hospitals to access the services. Hence, there should be provision of enough beds in the wards for the in-patients, enough number of health care providers, basic needs should be met such as availability of water in the hospital (Joumard, Andr, and Nicq, 2010). Also, the government should ensure that hospitals hav e all the machines that are required to diagnose different illness and also machines that are required in treating some of the diseases (Legido-Quigley, 2008). All the provisions are important in ensuring that the government has an effective health care system. Another hierarchical importance of the Australian government in delivering an effective health care system for all the patients, the federal government has been assigned the role of meeting the cost of all the outpatient Australians (Hu et al, 2008). Additionally, the federal government has also been assigned the role of meeting 40 percent of the cost of the patients that have been admitted in the public hospitals. The remaining 60 percent of the cost is usually covered by the national government (Hurley et al, 2002). Another role that has been assigned to the federal government is ensuring that the health care system is running smoothly in all the health institutions and all the patients get the health that they need. The federal government also has the role of identifying different areas that require some improvement in the health care system and propose the changes to the national government (Joumard, and Kongsrud, 2003). In case the proposals being made by the federal government are meant to improve the lives of the Australian citizens, then the national government has the role of debating whether there are some changes that should be implemented. The power of the national government in the health care system is manifested when there is some adjustment that requires to be made especially with the funding of the health care system. The aspect is important since it helps the health care system to be consolidated in one place (Palmer and Short, 2002). As a result, the entire country is empowered to get access of uniform health care services and under similar conditions such that there is no region that will be disadvantaged. Additionally, the commonwealth government ensures that the health care system has been channeled to all the areas of the country. Changes in the health care system in Australia cut randomly across all the states through directives from the national government (Porter and Teisberg, 2006). Additionally, the national government ensures that the health care system has been uniformly coordinated across all the country. As a result, when the government intends to upgrade the health care institutions, it does it thr oughout the country and all the hospitals are given equal treatment such that there is no group of people will be disadvantaged (Doctauer and Oxley, 2003). Functionalism is one of the sociological theories that is manifested by the health care system in Australia. The health system must be effective to ensure that the society experiences good health and as a result, the society will be more productive (Cockerham, 2014). For the theory to be manifested, the health care providers are given the responsibility of ensuring that the patients get the instructions, which they should adhere to. As a result, the practitioners therefore have to ensure that they deliver with efficiency when treating their patients. Another theory that manifests itself in the Australian health care system is the conflict theory. Usually the social class of people defines the quality of health care that a patient is likely to get (Tommey, 2009). However, the government of Australia has tried to solve this conflict and come up with a system that is all inclusive. As a result, the health practitioners must ensure that the patients get equal treatment regardless of thei r social class. The two theories require that health practitioners should be competent in the delivery of health services such that their knowledge and authority will be manifested. In conclusion, it should be noted that the health care system in Australia has its major challenges. For instance, it is difficult to identify the roles that each level of government has been assigned a specific task (Ducket and Willcockx, 2015). As a result, the Australians are denied a chance to come up with petitions that demands improvements in the delivery of a specific service, which they feel need to be improved.Yet,these improvements could affect the efficiency and effectiveness of the delivery of services to the Austalians In addition, it should be noted that the health care institutions in Australia lacks the presence of leaders due to the influence of the political forces (Leape et al, 2009).Leaders are helpful since they are the eyes on the ground and will therefore have an experience and thus have reforms that are sensitive to the people. As a result, it is likely that the similar programs can be implemented severally since there is no management in place and this is a w aste of the revenue (Gunter and Terry, 2005). However, the health care system in Australia is working for the good of the people who are able to access free or affordable medical services. The system has played a huge role in ensuring that the people have access to one of their basic need regardless of a persons financial status. Additionally, the system has played an important role of ensuring that the entire country enjoys access to uniform health care services. As a result, the patients do not have to travel long distances to access a service since similar services are offered.These is an important and thoughtful since all classes/status doesnt matter. The system has also ensured that the country has avoided the problems in the health care system that comes along with financial provision for the health care providers. References Almalki, M., FitzGerald, G., Clark, M. (2011). Health care system in Saudi Arabia:an overview/Aperu du systme de sant en Arabie saoudite. Eastern Mediterranean health journal, 17(10), 784. Appari, A., Johnson, M. E. (2010). Information security and privacy in healthcare:current state of research. International journal of Internet and enterprise management, 6(4), 279-314. Cockerham, W. C. (2014). Medical sociology. John Wiley Sons, Ltd. Commonwealthfund.org. (2017). Health Care System and Health Policy inAustralia. [online] Available at:https://www.commonwealthfund.org/grants-and-fellowships/fellowships/ australian-american-health-policy-fellowship/health-care-system-and-health-policy-in-australia [Accessed 9 Oct. 2017]. Docteur, E., Oxley, H. (2003). Health-care systems: lessons from the reform experience. Duckett, S., Willcox, S. (2015). The Australian health care system (No. Ed. 5).Oxford University Press. Gunter, T. D., Terry, N. P. (2005). The emergence of national electronic health record architectures in the United States and Australia: models, costs, andquestions. Journal of medical Internet research, 7(1). Hall, J. (2015). Australian health careThe challenge of reform in a fragmented system. New England Journal of Medicine, 373(6), 493-497. Hu, S., Tang, S., Liu, Y., Zhao, Y., Escobar, M. L., De Ferranti, D. (2008). Reform of how health care is paid for in China: challenges and opportunities. The Lancet, 372(9652), 1846-1853. Hurley, J., Vaithianathan, R., Crossley, T. F., Cobb-Clark, D. A. (2002). Parallel private health insurance in Australia: A cautionary tale and lessons for Canada. Joumard, I., Andr, C., Nicq, C. (2010). Health care systems: efficiency and institutions. Joumard, I., Kongsrud, P. M. (2003). Fiscal relations across government levels. OECD Economic Studies, 2003(1), 155-229. Keleher, H. (2001). Why primary health care offers a more comprehensive approach totackling health inequities than primary care. Australian journal of primaryhealth, 7(2), 57-61. Kolehmainen-Aitken, R. L. (2004). Decentralization's impact on the health workforce: Perspectives of managers, workers and national leaders. Human Resources for Health, 2(1), 5. Leape, L., Berwick, D., Clancy, C., Conway, J., Gluck, P., Guest, J., ... Pinakiewicz,(2009). Transforming healthcare: a safety imperative. Quality and Safety in Health Care, 18(6), 424-428. Legido-Quigley, H. (2008). Assuring the quality of health care in the European Union:a case for action (No. 12). World Health Organization. Mossialos, E., Dixon, A., Figueras, J., Kutzin, J. (Eds.). (2002). Funding health care:options for Europe. Palmer, G. R., Short, S. D. (2000). Health care and public policy: an Australian analysis. Macmillan Education AU. Porter, M. E., Teisberg, E. O. (2006). Redefining health care: creating value-based competition on results. Harvard Business Press. Runciman, W. B., Hunt, T. D., Hannaford, N. A., Hibbert, P. D., Westbrook, J. I., Coiera,W., ... Braithwaite, J. (2012). CareTrack: assessing the appropriateness of health care delivery in Australia. The Medical Journal of Australia, 197(2), 100-105. Smith, P. C., Anell, A., Busse, R., Crivelli, L., Healy, J., Lindahl, A. K., ... Kene, T. (2012). Leadership and governance in seven developed health systems.Health policy, 106(1), 37-49. Tomey, A. M. (2009). Nursing management and leadership. Elsevier, Missouri.

Thursday, April 23, 2020

Ralph Waldo Emerson Essays - Ralph Waldo Emerson, Lecturers, Mystics

Ralph Waldo Emerson Ralph Waldo Emerson was a famous American essayist and poet. Through his life he faced many conflicts such as his career. He was one of America's most influential authors and thinkers. Before Emerson began to write he was a minister. Emerson had to deal with many things throughout his life for example his health and family problems. Ralph Emerson had a very frustrating childhood. Emerson was born on May 25, 1803, in Boston, Massachusetts. He was the second of five sons. Poverty and sickness marked Emerson's life. His father died when hi was eight years old. Which left his mother to raise five boys. One of his younger brothers was mentally ill and spent most of his life in institutions. Until Emerson was 30 he suffered from poor health. When Emerson started school he studied ministry. He attended Harvard until he graduated in 1821 at age 18. After graduating he taught school and entered Harvard Divinity School. The next year he was sanctified to preach by the Middlesex Association of Ministers. Despite his poor health he did occasional sermons. In 1829 he served as a ?supply? preacher around the Boston area. In 1828 Emerson met a woman named Ellen Tucker who inspired him. The next year they were married. She fell ill and died of tuberculosis in 1832. That year he resigned from ministry because he had personal doubts about administering the sacrament. In 1833 Emerson traveled to Europe for a year. While in England he met Walter Savage, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Thomas Carlyle, and William Wordsworth. 2 Meeting with Carlyle marked the beginning of a lifelong friendship and influenced his work. During the summer of 1834 he moved to Concord and soon began his career as a writer and lecturer. Later in Emerson's life he became the leader of the transcendentalism movement. Which was the existence of an ideal spiritual reality that transcends the empirical and scientific and is knowable through intuition. In 1836 Emerson's writing career truly evolved when his first book called ?Nature? was published. During 1840 through 1844 he worked as an editor for The Dial. During those years his first son Waldo died and Emerson wrote one of his finest poems ?Threnody? in memory of his son. Throughout the rest of his life he wrote many famous poems, books, essays, and gave numerous lectures. Then in 1882 Emerson fell ill again and died at age 78. In conclusion Emerson had a tough life and had to deal with many problems. Although he had a rough life he is still a very inspirational author.

Tuesday, March 17, 2020

Free Essays on Necrophilia

Necrophilia is the practice of having sex with corpses. Necrophilia, a Greek word that means â€Å"love of the dead†. It is a very common act among serial killers. Various well-known serial killers have been diagnosed with necrophilia, such as: Earl Leonard Nelson a/k/a â€Å"Gorilla Man†, which is known as the first American serial sex killer of the twentieth century. Ted Bundy, Jeffrey Dahmer, Ed Gein and many more among the ones mentioned. Although necrophilia seems to be rare and uncommon in our society, it is a very common disorder within a serial killers profile. Necrophilia may sound like a rare illness due to the fact that it isn’t being reported the way it should be. When necrophilies take action, the most common place they break into is funeral homes. A reason for not reporting these acts would certainly be that funeral homes do not want the publicity. When funeral homes report that there has been a break in and that bodies have been disturbed, no one will want to bring their deceased friends and family members, fearing that their loved one will be taken advantage of. The press/media is an effective way of informing and educating the public about what goes on in our society. Necrophilia is hidden from society because it is not normal behavior. Necrophilia is immoral and unethical. Therefore, society tends to turn away and pretend as if nothing is wrong. Research indicates that 90% of necrophiliacs are primarily heterosexual males. 60% of necrophilies were diagnosed with personality disorders and 10% of those diagnosed with personality disorders are also psychotic. Funeral homes are not the only places where necrophilies are attracted. They are very popular within hospitals, mortuaries, funeral parlors, and cemeteries. Necrophilies are attracted to the odor of blood and the feel for dead skin. Some necrophilies have used parts of the bodies of their victims to furnish their homes and even for the use of sil... Free Essays on Necrophilia Free Essays on Necrophilia Necrophilia is the practice of having sex with corpses. Necrophilia, a Greek word that means â€Å"love of the dead†. It is a very common act among serial killers. Various well-known serial killers have been diagnosed with necrophilia, such as: Earl Leonard Nelson a/k/a â€Å"Gorilla Man†, which is known as the first American serial sex killer of the twentieth century. Ted Bundy, Jeffrey Dahmer, Ed Gein and many more among the ones mentioned. Although necrophilia seems to be rare and uncommon in our society, it is a very common disorder within a serial killers profile. Necrophilia may sound like a rare illness due to the fact that it isn’t being reported the way it should be. When necrophilies take action, the most common place they break into is funeral homes. A reason for not reporting these acts would certainly be that funeral homes do not want the publicity. When funeral homes report that there has been a break in and that bodies have been disturbed, no one will want to bring their deceased friends and family members, fearing that their loved one will be taken advantage of. The press/media is an effective way of informing and educating the public about what goes on in our society. Necrophilia is hidden from society because it is not normal behavior. Necrophilia is immoral and unethical. Therefore, society tends to turn away and pretend as if nothing is wrong. Research indicates that 90% of necrophiliacs are primarily heterosexual males. 60% of necrophilies were diagnosed with personality disorders and 10% of those diagnosed with personality disorders are also psychotic. Funeral homes are not the only places where necrophilies are attracted. They are very popular within hospitals, mortuaries, funeral parlors, and cemeteries. Necrophilies are attracted to the odor of blood and the feel for dead skin. Some necrophilies have used parts of the bodies of their victims to furnish their homes and even for the use of sil...